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Eye Issues

Summary

Regular eye exams reveal vision problems like nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia, and astigmatism. Your doctor may prescribe glasses or contact lenses. Eye conditions include pinkeye, blepharitis, glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration.

Causes of vision loss and degradation

Blindness and poor vision can be caused by:

  • disease and infections,
  • accidents,
  • exposure to light or chemicals
  • diabetes

Some people have vision impairment when they’re born, or soon after birth.

Some eye conditions can cause damage to your vision.

Prevention

To keep your eyes healthy:

  • have your eyes checked every two years
  • protect your eyes from sunlight – wear a hat and sunglasses with UV protection
  • eat healthily – green leafy vegetables, fish, linseeds, and some vitamins and minerals can help prevent macular degeneration
  • protect your eyes from injury at home and work
  • avoid smoking
Disorders of the eyes and vision
  • Amblyopia
  • Blepharitis
  • Cataracts
  • Chalazion
  • Conjunctivitis – allergic
  • Conjunctivitis – infective
  • Corneal Injury
  • Dry eyes
  • Ectropion
  • Entropion
  • Glaucoma – acute
  • Glaucoma – chronic
  • Herpes simplex eye infection
  • Long sight – hypermetropia
  • Macular degeneration
  • Presbyopia
  • Retinal detachment
  • Short sight – myopia
  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Squint (childhood)
  • Stye
  • Subconjunctival haemorrhage
  • Tear duct blockage of babies
  • Uveitis and iritis
  • Watering eyes
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