Why does acne occur?
Your skin contains tiny openings called pores, connected to oil glands beneath the skin. These glands release oil to lubricate the skin and remove dead cells. However, excessive oil, combined with dead skin cells and bacteria, can clog these pores, causing redness, irritation, and pimples.
What are the risk factors for acne?
- Hormonal changes: Especially prevalent during puberty.
- Stress: Can trigger outbreaks.
- Certain medications: Like lithium and corticosteroids.
- Diet: High in chocolate and greasy foods.
- Genetics: Family history can play a role.
While common among teenagers, acne can affect people of all ages and can lead to low self-esteem. Over-the-counter and prescription medications are available. Keep in mind, though tempting, that squeezing pimples can exacerbate the condition and cause scarring.
What are some treatment options?
Some of the treatment options that you can explore with our healthcare professionals include:
- Topical Treatments: Benzoyl peroxide, adapalene creams.
- Oral Antibiotics: Tetracyclines, doxycycline, and minocycline.
- Specialised Treatments: Azelaic acid and retinoids.
It’s vital to consult a nurse, doctor, or dermatologist for a tailored treatment plan and to continue the treatment even if results take time to appear.
Ready to consult with an expert?
For further questions or to discuss your acne condition, Phenix Health is available 24/7. Book an online consultation with our experienced, Australian-based doctors.